Documentation of the Kelabit language, Sarawak, Malaysia


Documentation of the Kelabit language, Sarawak, Malaysia

Language: Kelabit (ISO639-3:kzi)
Depositor: Charlotte Hemmings
Location: Malaysia
Deposit Id: 0301
Level: Deposit

Summary of deposit
This deposit includes materials collected as part of a PhD research project to document and describe the Kelabit language. It includes linguistic elicitation as well as naturalistic texts in a variety of genres, such as narratives, personal histories, procedural texts, conversations, formal speech, news reports and songs. Audio and video materials are transcribed using a provisional Kelabit orthography and translated into English using ELAN.

Group represented
The Kelabit of Northern Sarawak, Malaysia.

Language information
The Kelabit language is a Western Austronesian language spoken mainly in the fourth and fifth divisions of Sarawak, Malaysia. It is a member of the Apad Uat subgroup (sometimes referred to as Apo Duat or Kelabitic) which also includes Lun Bawang/Lundayeh, Sa'ban and Tring. Today, there are 18 longhouse communities where different dialects of Kelabit are spoken. This deposit includes materials collected in Bario and Pa' Umor (where northern varieties of Kelabit are traditionally spoken) and Pa' Dalih (where southern varieties of Kelabit are traditionally spoken). Some speakers from other villages are also represented in the recordings.

Deposit contents

The current corpus includes audio and video recordings of varying lengths, as well as written materials. These encompass a range of genres from elicitation to experimental data to naturalistic text. The elicitation sessions cover a variety of topics from basic phonology and morphosyntax to more complex constructions and information structure. The experimental data include a number of narratives collected using the pear story video stimulus and five readings of a series of short paragraphs designed for prosodic analysis. The naturalistic texts include a variety of genres such as narratives, personal histories, procedural texts, conversations, formal speech, news reports and songs. Finally, a copy of the PhD thesis that resulted from the project is also provided. This includes a basic sketch grammar (chapter 2) and more detailed description of Kelabit voice alternations (chapter 3), pronouns (chapter 4) and word order (chapter 5).

Audio and video recordings are annotated in ELAN with transcription, translation, comments and some tags relating to morphosyntactic analysis. Discussions on Kelabit orthography are ongoing and hence a provisional orthography is used that may be updated in future. More information on orthographic conventions can be found in the PhD thesis but note that the glottal stop is now represented with ' throughout the collection following community recommendations. Morphosyntactic tags are in the process of being added and will also be updated.

Deposit history

The materials in this deposit were collected over six and a half months of fieldwork from October-December 2013 and June-September 2014. They were collected by Charlotte Hemmings as part of a PhD research project to document and describe the Kelabit language with a particular focus on voice alternations and morphosyntactic variation. The recordings were collected following the methodology of language documentation and description and more information on the methods used in compiling the corpus and the nature of the recordings can be found in an appendix to the PhD thesis.

Charlotte Hemmings is currently collecting further data on the Kelabit language as part of post-doctoral research and will continue to add to the deposit.

Acknowledgement
Users of any part of the corpus should acknowledge Charlotte Hemmings as the data collector and researcher. Individual speakers whose words and/or images are used should also be acknowledged by name along with any other contributors who transcribed or translated the data. This information can be found in the metadata for each recording. Finally, users should acknowledge the Wolfson Foundation, UK, as the funder of this research. To cite the corpus: Hemmings, Charlotte. 2017. Documentation of the Kelabit Language, Sarawak, Malaysia. London: SOAS, Endangered Languages Archive. URL: https://elar.soas.ac.uk/Collection/MPI1029735. Accessed on [insert date here].

Status

Curated
Resources online and curated

Depositor

Charlotte Hemmings
Affiliation: SOAS University of London

Deposit Statistics

Data from 2017 July 20 to 2017 July 20
Deposit hits:1
Files downloaded:
Without statistics


Showing 1 - 10 of 24 Items


Florance and Charlotte test the equipment by recording a short text where Florance describes the weather in Bario that day. The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Lavalier Mic, wind gag, Canon EOS 60D, Canon EF 28mm f/1.8 USM Lens.

Recorded on: 2013-10-22




Florance tells the story of a girl who gets muddy whilst playing with her cat and dog using the picture stimulus set 'The Circle of Dirt' developed by Sonja Eisenbeiss, Bill McGreggor and Claudia Maria Schmidt (1999). This bundle contains a PDF of Florance's descriptions of each of the pictures and an audio recording of her retelling the story from memory afterwards. The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-30




Florance completes the Topological Relations Picture Series, describing the location of a series of objects in the visual stimulus materials created by Bowerman & Pederson (1992). The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-30




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance elicit sentences in Kelabit as spoken in Bario/Pa' Main. In the first part of the recording they use a Malay textbook ('Colloquial Malay: The Complete Course for Beginners' by Zaharah Othman) as a basis for eliciting useful sentences for language learners. In the second part of the recording they discuss locations, positions and directions. The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-15




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance record lexical items and example sentences containing those lexical items for the purposes of phonological analysis. The session is based on a draft on Kelabit phonology prepared by Charlotte and includes minimal pairs and voiced aspirates. The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2014-07-30




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance record lexical items and example sentences containing those lexical items for the purposes of phonological analysis. The session is based on a draft on Kelabit phonology prepared by Charlotte and includes some different voice forms of verbs. The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2014-07-30




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance discuss verbs and verbal morphology in Kelabit as spoken in Bario/Pa' Main. In this recording, Charlotte and Florance use the list of inchoative/causative verb pairs in Haspelmath (1993: 97) as a basis for eliciting verbal roots and testing whether the transitivising and detransitivising morphology identified in Asmah's (1983) sketch of Kelabit could be applied to the respective roots. This includes voice morphology. Among others, the following verbs from the list were discussed: 'get up', 'break', 'burn', 'die/kill', 'open' and 'close'. There is discussion of the following affixes: N- (AV transitive), -in- (UV perfective transitive), peN- (IV transitive), pe- (reciprocal), pere- (reflexive), ne- (accidental) and -em- (volitional intransitive). The following equipment was used: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-17




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance discuss verbs and verbal morphology in Kelabit as spoken in Bario/Pa' Main. In the first part of the recording, Charlotte and Florance discuss vocabulary related to weather and illness/health. In the second part of the recording, they continue to use the list of inchoative/causative verbs in Haspelmath (1993: 97) as a basis for eliciting verbal roots and testing whether transitivising and detransitivising morphology can be applied to the respective roots. Among others, the following verbs from the list were discussed: 'begin', 'teach/show'. There is discussion of the following affixes: te- (intransitive stem forming), N- (AV transitive), -in- (UV perfective transitive), -en (UV irrealis transitive), pe-/me- (causative). Equipment used includes: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-28




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance continue to discuss verbs and verbal morphology in Kelabit as spoken in Bario/Pa' Main. They continue to use the list of inchoative/causative verbs in Haspelmath (1993: 97) as a basis for eliciting verbal roots and testing whether transitivising and detransitivising morphology can be applied to the respective roots. Among others, the following verbs from the list were discussed: 'teach/show', 'gather', 'spread' and 'sink'. There is discussion of the following affixes: N- (AV transitive), -in- (UV perfective transitive), -en (UV irrealis transitive), pe-/me- (causative). Equipment used includes: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-28




A semi-structured elicitation session in which Charlotte and Florance continue to discuss verbs and verbal morphology in Kelabit as spoken in Bario/Pa' Main. They continue to use the list of inchoative/causative verbs in Haspelmath (1993: 97) as a basis for eliciting verbal roots and testing whether transitivising and detransitivising morphology can be applied to the respective roots. The verbs on the list from 'sink' to 'stop' were discussed. There is discussion of the following affixes: N- (AV transitive), -in- (UV perfective transitive), -en (UV irrealis transitive), peN- (IV transitive). Equipment used includes: Zoom H4N, Stereo Mic, wind gag. The recording is in stereo and wav format.

Recorded on: 2013-10-28