Documentation of Cifungwa Folktales

Documentation of Cifungwa Folktales

Language: Cifungwa (ISO639-3:ula)
Depositor: Samuel Akinbo
Location: Nigeria
Deposit Id: 0436
Grant id: SG0406
Funding body: ELDP
Level: Deposit

Summary of deposit

Fungwa is a Kainji language with about 1000 speakers in Rafi Local Government Area, Niger State, Nigeria. Specifically, the language is spoken in small villages and settlements along Pandogari-Alawa Road. This collection investigates the phonetics, phonology, morphology and syntax of Fungwa using data from narratives, music, conversations, pictorial commentary and phonetic experimentations.

The data was elicited by Samuel Akinbo, linguist and principal investigator, with the assistance of Yakubu Muhammed (a native speaker), Anita Ifeoma Adiboshi, Olukayode Shulamite Mayowa, Bukunmi Ogunsolu, Delight Anuoluwa Balogun and Aremu Daniel Toluwalope.

The collection contains audio-visual data, pictures, annotations of data from 45 participants.

The picture at the top shows Isah Wakili and his elder brother, while the video shows Baro Gabi thanking God for the day.

Group represented

The deposit includes contributions from Cifungwa people (also Ura) of Ringa community in Rafi local government, Niger state Nigeria. According to Cifungwa people, the Cifungwa people are originally from Kporumi, Zamfara in old Sokoto state of Northwestern Nigeria.

The data in this collection was elicited in four Fungwa villages, namely Sarari, Garbi, Jagaba and Ringa.

Language information

CiFungwa or simply [ISO 639-3 Ula] is an endangered Benue-Congo, West Kainji language that is spoken in the Ringa villages along Alawa Road, Rafi Local Government area, Niger State. Due migration and socio-political hegemony of neighbouring communties, Fungwa speakers are generally shifting to speaking Hausa and Fulani. As a result of this, various aspects of their culture (e.g. religion, folktales and music) are being forgotten. The language and people are popular known as Ura by their neighbours.

Genetically, Fungwa is closely related to Pongu, which is also spoken in the district head of the same local government area as a Fungwa.

Special characteristics

The deposit comprises 1700 Cifungwa words from SIL comparative African wordlist, clauses with the 1700 words, a divination exercise, the making of Shea-butter oil, an interview (in Hausa) with the district head of Ringa community. The materials are in audio-visual format.

The data in this collection was collected during my PhD program at the University of British Columbia. The first set of data was collected between July-August 2015. The second set of data was collection between June-August 2017 and the third set.

Deposit contents
The majority of the bundles in this collection are audio-visual recordings. Specifically, there are 282 video files with about 92 hours of recordings. About 30 hours of these video files have been annotated for phonetic transcription and English translation.

Acknowledgement and citation

Users of any part of the collection should acknowledge Samuel Akinbo as the principal investigator, the data collector and the researcher. Users should also acknowledge the Endangered Languages Documentation Programme (ELDP) as the funder of the project. Individual speakers whose words and/or images are used should be acknowledged by respective name(s). Any other contributor who has collected, transcribed or translated the data or was involved in any other way should be acknowledged by name. All information on contributors is available in the metadata.

To refer to any data from the corpus, please cite as follows:

Akinbo, Samuel. 2018. Documentation of Cifungwa Folktales. London: SOAS, Endangered Languages Archive, ELAR. URL: (accessed on [insert date here]).


Collection online
Resources online and curated


Samuel Akinbo
Affiliation: University of British Columbia

Deposit Statistics

Data from 2020 October 23 to 2020 October 23
Deposit hits:1
Downloaded files
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Showing 1 - 10 of 150 Items

Samuel elicited some nouns in association with varying vowel qualities from Yakubu. Some of Yakubu's friends and family members were around.

Recorded on: 2017-07-12

Yakubu produced associative constructions with different syllable size.

Recorded on: 2018-02-03

Yakubu produced associative and sentence with have.

Recorded on: 2017-07-20

Awal produced some augment nouns in Cifungwa.

Recorded on: 2017-07-16

Yakubu produced the augment forms of some nouns in Cifungwa in the presence of his nieces and nephews.

Recorded on: 2017-07-17

Yakubu produced some augment nouns with the assistant of Awal and Aliyu.

Recorded on: 2017-07-16

Yakubu talked about Ramadan(Small Sallah) and Eid-Fitr (Big Sallah) in the presence of his friend and Kabiru.

Recorded on: 2017-07-18

It contains personal and cultural history. It also contains stories about recent migration and (re)settlement.

Recorded on: 2017-06-16

An interview with the consultant at granddaughter's house.

Recorded on: 2017-06-16

The data contains biographical information of the consultant. The consultant spoke in Fungwa and Hausa.

Recorded on: 2017-06-16