The Enxet documentation project

The Enxet documentation project

Language: Enxet Sur (ISO639-3:enx)
Depositor: John Elliott
Location: Paraguay
Deposit Id: 0435
ELDP Id: SG0439
Level: Deposit

Summary of deposit

Group represented
The Enxet Sur (or just Enxet) are one of six ethnolinguistic groups of the Enlhet-Enenlhet nation (speakers of Enlhet-Enenlhet or Mascoyan languages). At present, all speakers in the corpus are residents of the indigenous communities of El Estribo or Armonía. Most residents of these communities are descended from the pesyapto, one of the pre-modern group affiliations constituting the modern Enxet Sur people. Most pesyapto previously lived on the lands of the Makxawaya Anglican mission a few hundred kilometers east of their present day communities, up until the late 20th century. Thus, in its current state, this deposit presents primarily the pesyapto variety of Enxet Sur.

Special characteristics
This collection focuses on the use of traditional Enxet food and medicine in "bushwalk" style videos. These walking narratives and on-site procedural descriptions of the use and procurement of plants and animals present a view of Enxet life in the El Estribo community, and show how indigenous knowledge of the local landscape has allowed Enxet people to survive and thrive in the Paraguayan Chaco. These walking videos, beyond presenting the relationship between Enxet culture, language, and territory,

Deposit history
The video corpus and associated materials come from an ELDP funded (SG0439) field project conducted from June to August in 2016. All materials, including the "legacy" audio recordings from 2015, were collected by John Elliott, the principal investigator, as part of his doctoral research. The planning and structure for most of the "bushwalk" videos is the work of Anival Lopez, co-director and primary consultant for this project.

Other information

Información en castellano

Enxet Sur es una lengua de la familia linguistica Enlhet-Enenlhet (Maskoyan) de aproximadamente 4.000 hablantes repartidos por varias comunidades del departamento de Presidente Hayes en el Chaco paraguayo. El propósito de este proyecto es crear grabaciones anotadas de audio y video de Enxet con un enfoque en el uso tradicional de plantas y animales, establecer una base de datos léxica y comenzar un análisis estructural detallado para el enriquecimiento de un proyecto de documentación más a largo plazo.

Los usuarios de cualquier parte de la colección deben reconocer a John Elliott como el investigador principal, recolector de datos e investigador. Los usuarios también deben reconocer el Programa de Documentación de Idiomas en Peligro como el financiador del proyecto. Los hablantes individuales cuyas palabras y / o imágenes se usan, siempre y cuando su nombre se proporcione en los metadatos de un elemento determinado, debe ser reconocido por su nombre. Cualquier otro contribuyente que haya recopilado, transcripto o traducido los datos o haya estado implicado de otra manera debe ser reconocido por su nombre. Toda la información sobre contribuyentes está disponible en los metadatos.

Para referirse a cualquier dato del corpus, por favor cite el corpus de esta manera:

Elliott, John. 2016. The Enxet documentation project. London: SOAS, Endangered Languages Archive. URL:

Ninguno de los materiales en este depósito puede ser utilizado como evidencia en un tribunal de justicia sin el permiso expreso del investigador principal (contacto:


Users of any part of the collection should acknowledge John Elliott as the principal investigator, data collector and researcher. Users should also acknowledge the Endangered Languages Documentation Programme as the funder of the project. Individual speakers whose words and/or images are used, so long as their name is provided in the metadata for a given item, should be acknowledged by name. Any other contributor who has collected, transcribed or translated the data or was involved in any other way should be acknowledged by name. All information on contributors is available in the metadata.

To refer to any data from the corpus, please cite the corpus in this way:

Elliott, John. 2016. The Enxet documentation project. London: SOAS, Endangered Languages Archive. URL:

None of the materials in this deposit may be used as evidence in a court of law without the expressed permission of the principal investigator (contact:


Resources online and curated


John Elliott
Affiliation: Univeristy of Hawai'i at Manoa

Deposit Statistics

Data from 2017 April 30 to 2017 April 30
Deposit hits:1
Files downloaded:
Without statistics

Showing 1 - 10 of 23 Items

This walk is the first done in the heavy brush to the north of Palo Santo and San Carlos. Anival shows how to harvest palm hearts, collect palo azul, and spot giant armadillo tracks.

Recorded on: 2016-06-30

In this video, Anival describes drought plants, bee keeping, uses for chili pepper, and other medicinal plants in his own garden and in the area around Palo Santo, El Estribo

Recorded on: 2016-06-29

In this video, a continuation of the recording session for deposit enx004, Anival talks about navigating the dense brush that dominates much of the Chaco landscape.

Recorded on: 2016-06-30

Here, a multi-generational group butchers a tapir that's just been shot in the woods outside Palo Santo. A group of young men work to prepare the carcass for transport back to the village. There is no transcription available as yet for this video, given the large number of participants, but this bundle includes a separate narration of the video by Anival Lopez.

Recorded on: 2016-07-26

Anival at the beginning of a walking session at the Laguna Juanita, El Estribo

Recorded on: 2016-07-04

In this short video, Anival shows how to easily remove thorns from cactus fruit for eating.

Recorded on: 2016-06-29

While looking out for a jaguar that's been spotted around the village, Anival talks about how different animals hunt for food, how Enxet people hunt large game, and how to tell when land is good for agriculture and when to leave it be for natural collection.

Recorded on: 2016-07-25

This video, a very active one, follows Anival and some family members as they hunt a tapir that has been spotted near a lake bed.

Recorded on: 2016-07-26

In this video, taken in the woods north of San Carlos, Anival talks about animal tracking, music made while in the forest, a fungus used for weening infants, and the differences between seasonal and long term changes to the system of wetlands in the area of El Estribo.

Recorded on: 2016-07-14

Laguna Juanita, a large lake and its surrounding wetlands, is a popular fishing location for the people of El Estribo. In this video, Anival shows and describes how people fish at the lake, and the other birds and animals who are also around looking for food.

Recorded on: 2016-06-29