Digitization of Oswin Köhler's analogue audio recordings of endangered or moribund Khoisan languages


Digitization of Oswin Köhler's analogue audio recordings of endangered or moribund Khoisan languages

Language: Khwe, !Xun, Taa, ||Xegwi, ||Ani, Hai||om, G|ui and Mbukushu (ISO639-3:)
Depositor: Gertrud Boden
Location: Botswana, Namibia, South Africa
Deposit Id: 0486
Grant id: LMG0005
Funding body: ELDP
Level: Deposit


Summary of deposit

The deposit contains digital copies of Oswin Köhler’s (1911-1996) audio recordings from different Khoisan and neighbouring Bantu groups in Southern Africa. The digitization was made possible through ELDP Legacy Material Grant LMG0005.

Recordings include music, natural speech and language elicitations. Music recordings comprise instrumental music, hunting songs, dance music, and singing. Natural speech recordings include storytelling, conversations, and some rare ritual texts such as invocations of the new moon, hunting magic, or healing sessions. Elicitations include word lists and studies of grammar, tone, and dialectal variation.

The major part of the recordings is from the late 1950s through 1970s with occasional later recordings up into the early 1990s.

Metadata rely on the erratic written or spoken information provided by Oswin Köhler. The funding only covered the digitization and filing of available information.

Group represented
Most recordings are from the Khwe and Ju or !Xun in Northeast Namibia. Both groups belong to the former hunter-gatherer population in Southern Africa, known as 'San' or 'Bushmen', as do the ||Ani in north-eastern and the G|wi and G||ana in central Botswana, the Hai||om in the Etosha area of Namibia, the Taa in the southern Kalahari of Botswana and Namibia and the former speakers of ||Xegwi in the Lake Chrissie are of South Africa. The San are indigenous minorities in the countries they live in and at the bottom of the social ladder in terms of formal education, social prestige and income. For more details on the socio-economic challenges for the San see the recent assessments by the Legal Assistance Centre in Namibia (LAC): Suzman, J. et al. (2001). A Regional Assessment of the Status of the San in Southern Africa. 5 volumes. Windhoek: LAC; Dieckmann, U. et al. (2014). Scraping the Pot. San in Namibia two Decades after Independence. Windhoek: LAC. The documentation includes language material from all three Khoisan linguistic lineages: Khoe-Kwadi (Khwe, ||Ani, G|wi, G||ana, Nama and Hai||om), Kx’a (Ju|'hoan, !Xun) and Tuu (Taa, ||Xegwi). For more details on Khoisan linguistic classifications see: Güldemann, Tom (2014). ‘Khoisan’ linguistic classification today. In: Güldemann, Tom and Anne-Maria Fehn (eds.). Beyond ‘Khoisan’. Historical Relations in the Kalahari Basin. Amsterdam/Philadelphia: John Benjamins, pp. 1-41.

Special characteristics
The collection is unique, first, because most recordings are from the 1950s through the 1970s, a time from which only very few recordings of the respective Khoisan languages exist, and a time when some of the now extinct and highly endangered languages were still spoken more widely. Secondly, it is also unique in documenting aspects of the academic practice and field methods of the renowned German Africanist Oswin Köhler. It thus also represents an important document for the history of African studies.

Deposit contents
The deposit contains exclusively historical audio recordings of music and speech recorded by Oswin Köhler between 1959 and 1992. Music recordings comprise instrumental music, hunting songs, dance music, and singing. Natural speech recordings include storytelling, conversations and some rare ritual texts such as invocations of the new moon, hunting magic, or healing sessions. Elicitations include word lists and studies of grammar, tone, and dialectal variation.

Other information
None of the data in this collection may be used as evidence in court. Members of the Khwe speech communities in Namibia, have expressed their interest in getting access to Köhler's recordings to the depositor. In March 2019, a representative group of Khwe decided that access to the Khwe files should only be on request to the Chairperson of the Khwe Custodian Committee, Mr. Sonner Geria (Sonner.Geria@gmail.com).

Acknowledgement and citation

Users of any part of the collection should acknowledge Oswin Köhler as data collector and researcher, and the Oswin-Köhler-Archiv, Goethe University Frankfurt as the copyright holder. Users should also acknowledge the Endangered Languages Documentation Programme (ELDP) as the funder of the project.

To refer to any data from the corpus, please cite as follows:

Köhler, Oswin. 2018. Digitization of Oswin Köhler's analogue audio recordings of endangered and moribund Khoisan languages. ID [insert ID number here]. London: SOAS, Endangered Languages Archive, ELAR. URL: https://elar.soas.ac.uk/Collection/MPI1083423 (accessed on [insert date here]).

Status

Collection online
Resources online and curated

Depositor

Gertrud Boden
Affiliation: Oswin Köhler Archive, Institut für Afrikanistik, Goethe-Universität Frankfurt

Deposit Statistics

Data from 2019 July 16 to 2019 July 16
Deposit hits:1420
Downloaded files
Without statistics


Showing 1 - 10 of 595 Items


Recorded on: Unspecified



ǁHãĩ talks about the death of his father

Recorded on: 1990-08-31




Birthday celebration for Ruth Köhler; The Khwe man Kyãxu plays the ndíngo (lamellophone); is part of OKA-AU-T0001

Recorded on: 1978-07-12




Birthday celebration; is part of OKA-AU-T0001

Recorded on: 1978-07-12




Birthday celebration for Ruth Köhler: Two !Xun-boys sing; is part of OKA-AU-T0001

Recorded on: 1978-07-12




Birthday celebration for Ruth Köhler: Kafuro plays the monkey song; is part of OKA-AU-T0001

Recorded on: 1978-07-12




Dance of the Khwe; is part of OKA-AU-T0001

Recorded on: 1978-07-17

Keywords: German - Singing - Ruth Köhler



Dance of the Khwe

Recorded on: Unspecified




Children are Chanting

Recorded on: 1985-09-08




Children are Chanting

Recorded on: Unspecified