Documentation of the Southern Tujia Language of China


Documentation of the Southern Tujia Language of China

Language: Southern Tujia
Depositor: Shixuan Xu
Location: China
Deposit Id: 0260
Grant id: MDP0095
Funding body: ELDP
Level: Deposit

Summary of deposit

Southern Tujia (土家. ISO-639: tjs) is a tonal Tibeto-Burman language spoken in a small number of villages in the mountainous Wuling Range of the western Hunan and Hubei provinces of central south China.There are around 6 million Tujia people, however only a small number of these speak the Southern Tujia variant. The Northern variant (ISO-639: tji) is more widely spoken.

This collection contains data on language structure, phonological, lexical, and grammatical features. There are also audio recordings of natural speech and folk literature. The aim is for this collection to contain the maximum amount of information about the language and about traditional culture expressed through the language, and to document other aspects of the language for which inadequate information exists. As part of the collection there will also be a reference grammar, a Tujia-Chinese-English dictionary, and corpora of traditional oral literature, which will be useful for both linguists and the speaker community, will be produced. Chinese will be used as the explanatory language in the grammars, and as the translation language for texts.



Group represented
Tujia (Bizika) people, China.

Language information
Southern Tujia (土家) is a Tibeto-Burman language spoken in the mountainous areas of central south China, and has no literary tradition or adequate documentation. It currently is in the final phase of an apparently inexorable decline: the number of native speakers is less than 1000, and almost every remaining speaker is bilingual in Tujia and Chinese.

Deposit contents
While this deposit is being curated please download these files to find your way around the collection (you will need to be an ELAR User):

  1. Overview
  2. Orthography
  3. Table of texts


Status

Collection online
Resources online and curated

Depositor

Shixuan Xu
Affiliation: Institute of Ethnology & Anthropology, Chinese Academy of Social Sciences

Deposit Statistics

Data from 2020 May 29 to 2020 May 29
Deposit hits:1
Downloaded files
Without statistics


Showing 1 - 10 of 58 Items


This section presents the styles of local resident homes and the predominant use and functions of the rooms. Where there is a large space a big house is built; where there is a small space a small house is built. If there are no tiles for a roof, a thatched house will be built. Building materials, techniques and processes used in construction are introduced.

Recorded on: 2006-04




This section introduces agricultural skills which cover ploughing, transplanting and harvesting in rice paddy cultivation. Other staple crops such as tung seeds, corn, sweet potato and green beans are also mentioned. Tung seeds are used for oil which is utilized as lubricating in agricultural machinery. We also present the development of threshing tools from manual labor to semi- mechanization.

Recorded on: 2006-04




Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood. Children from Summary: This story recalls some past events of the speaker’s childhood.

Recorded on: 2006-05




The dialogue introduces the planting of five crops: rice, corn, millet, sorghum, buckwheat and wheat. It indicates the farming procedures; when they are planted and, how they are threshed and stored in different localities.

Recorded on: 2006-02




This section introduces orange planting techniques. Based on the process of orange growth, it explains the depth and width of the hole necessary to plant orange trees, the way of trimming branches and killing insects, the amount of fertilizer to be used, and so on. All of these steps are critical to increase the quantities of oranges. There is space between orange trees to plant crops like potatoes, watermelons or soybeans, thus maximizing land use in order to increase income.

Recorded on: 2005-05




This story explains the procedures for planting rice, including submerging the paddy field, plowing, sowing, cultivating seedlings, transplanting seedlings, fertilizing sprouts, weeding the field, harvesting husked rice, threshing, drying, and milling.

Recorded on: 2005-05




This is an instruction about making an indigenous food from the root of the kudzu vine. The root of the kudzu vine is a variety of wild plant root which grows in the local mountains. The whole process, which from digging, cleaning, pounding, and extracting to processing into flour, which is made into cakes is described. The villagers used face a shortage of food. They had the cakes to satisfy their hunger. It was a supplementary food in the season of food shortage in the old days.

Recorded on: 2006-02




This story gives an overview of the types, properties, and production of the local edible oils. There is a variety of local edible oils, such as rapeseed oil, tea oil, sesame oil, peanut oil and cotton seed oil, which are extracted from rapeseed, camellia seed, sesame seed, peanut, and cotton seed respectively. Rapeseed oil is a staple oil. The dialogue also introduces procedures of planting rapes and extracting rape seed oil from them. In addition, the properties of various types of oil, improvements of oil extraction techniques and tools for oil extraction are discussed.

Recorded on: 2006-03




The dialogue tells stories of fishing and hunting experiences, especially some interesting things and hunting customs which stipulate that every one who joins in the activity should have a share in the game. Then, an offering ceremony for the mountain spirit is held to wish for blessings and for more animals.

Recorded on: 2006-02




The dialogue narrates the development and changes of the peasants’ life in the countryside since the 1950s. Land Reform delivered farmland to every household. After that, farmers organized collaborative groups. They organized the groups freely by themselves and helped each other. When practicing collectivization and communization, the peasants returned their fields and land to public ownership. Nowadays, great changes have taken place in their life. Villagers no long work till midnight, nor do they weave cloth till the next day. The level of material life has been raised dramatically. Every household has abundant food and colorful clothes. Life is getting better and better.

Recorded on: 2006-04