Singpho Language of North East India (including Turung)

Singpho Language of North East India (including Turung)

Language: Singpho (ISO639-3:sgp), Turung (ISO639-3:try)
Depositor: Stephen Morey
Location: India
Deposit Id: 0006
Grant id: IPF0081, MDP0158
Funding body: ELDP
Level: Deposit

Summary of deposit

This deposit consists of audio recordings of speakers of Singpho,spoken in Arunachal Pradesh and Assam, India, resulting from fieldwork conducted between 2001 and 2006. The recordings include Turung, a variety of Singpho spoken in the Golaghat, Karbi Anglong and Jorhat Districts of Assam.

Group represented
Singpho, Turung

Language information

Singpho (ISO639-3:sgp) is a language spoken by around 10,000 to 15,000 people in Assam and Arunchal Pradesh states, Northeast India. The Singpho people talk about themselves as being divided in 4 hkawng /kʰɔŋ/ or areas, as followsː

Diyun Hkawng

Tieng Hkawng

Numhpuk Hkawng

Turung Hkawang

In the first three cases, these names are derived from the names of the major rivers near to where the people now live. The fourth name, Turung, is more controversial. Some say that it derives the the Tarung river in Northern Burma, where the people lived at an earlier time; others say it is the name Tai Lung 'great Tai', because of the Tai ancestry of the Turung.

There are linguistic differences between the speech of each of the four Hkawng, and our deposit contains examples of materials collected in each of these areas. Most of the material, however, comes from the Numhpuk and the Turung.

Deposit contents

The deposit comprises over 1200 audio files, as well as transcriptions and English translations of some of the recordings.

The recordings consists of traditional stories, some of stories of the Buddha and his previous lives; traditional songs, such as rice pounding songs and sagas; procedural texts, such as how to make certain types of rice cake or traditional customs relating to birth, marriage and death; cultural information, such as the preparation and usage of opium in former times; and a number of grammatical texts, elicitations and discussions about grammaticality.

Many of these texts are accompanied by Word documents and hmtl web page files that contain transcriptions.

The transcribed Singpho and Turung texts can be searched at the Tai and Tibeto-Burman languages of Assam website, maintained by the Centre for Research in Computational Linguistics.

Acknowledgement and citation

This recording was made by Dr. Stephen Morey in Assam. It is part of the heritage of the Singpho or Turung community.


Resources online and curated


Stephen Morey
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Affiliation: Research Centre for Linguistic Typology, La Trobe University

Deposit Statistics

Data from 2018 October 22 to 2018 October 22
Deposit hits:28
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Showing 1 - 10 of 1,353 Items

Recorded on: Unspecified

Recorded on: 2007-01-19

Recorded on: 2007-01-19

Recorded on: 2007-01-19

Word list A for Numhpuk Singpho

Recorded on: Unspecified

Word list B for Numhpuk Singpho

Recorded on: Unspecified

Recorded on: 2006-11-09

Turung words

Recorded on: 2002-02-22

Keywords: Turung - Primary Text - Mya Seng